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Sensors 2012, 12(4), 4016-4030; doi:10.3390/s120404016
Article

Inhibition of Quorum Sensing-Controlled Virulence Factor Production in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 by Ayurveda Spice Clove (Syzygium Aromaticum) Bud Extract

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Received: 16 January 2012; in revised form: 17 March 2012 / Accepted: 21 March 2012 / Published: 27 March 2012
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Abstract: Quorum sensing controls the virulence determinants in most proteobacteria. In this work, the hexane, chloroform and methanol extracts of an Ayurveda spice, namely clove (Syzygium aromaticum), shown anti-quorum sensing activity. Hexane and methanol extracts of clove inhibited the response of C. violaceum CV026 to exogenously supplied N‑hexanoylhomoserine lactone, in turn preventing violacein production. Chloroform and methanol extracts of clove significantly reduced bioluminescence production by E. coli [pSB1075] grown in the presence of N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone. We demonstrated that clove extract inhibited quorum sensing-regulated phenotypes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA01, including expression of lecA::lux (by hexane extract), swarming (maximum inhibition by methanol extract), pyocyanin (maximum inhibition by hexane extract). This study shows that the presence of natural compounds that exhibit anti-quorum sensing activity in the clove extracts may be useful as the lead of anti-infective drugs.
Keywords: Ayurveda; bioluminescence; biosensors; Chromobacterium violaceum; lecA::lux; N-acylhomoserine lactones; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; pyocyanin; Syzygium aromaticum; swarming Ayurveda; bioluminescence; biosensors; Chromobacterium violaceum; lecA::lux; N-acylhomoserine lactones; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; pyocyanin; Syzygium aromaticum; swarming
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Krishnan, T.; Yin, W.-F.; Chan, K.-G. Inhibition of Quorum Sensing-Controlled Virulence Factor Production in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 by Ayurveda Spice Clove (Syzygium Aromaticum) Bud Extract. Sensors 2012, 12, 4016-4030.

AMA Style

Krishnan T, Yin W-F, Chan K-G. Inhibition of Quorum Sensing-Controlled Virulence Factor Production in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 by Ayurveda Spice Clove (Syzygium Aromaticum) Bud Extract. Sensors. 2012; 12(4):4016-4030.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Krishnan, Thiba; Yin, Wai-Fong; Chan, Kok-Gan. 2012. "Inhibition of Quorum Sensing-Controlled Virulence Factor Production in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 by Ayurveda Spice Clove (Syzygium Aromaticum) Bud Extract." Sensors 12, no. 4: 4016-4030.


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