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Sensors 2012, 12(12), 17128-17154; doi:10.3390/s121217128
Article

Prioritized Degree Distribution in Wireless Sensor Networks with a Network Coded Data Collection Method

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Received: 3 October 2012; in revised form: 29 November 2012 / Accepted: 3 December 2012 / Published: 12 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ubiquitous Sensing)
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Abstract: The reliability of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) can be greatly affected by failures of sensor nodes due to energy exhaustion or the influence of brutal external environment conditions. Such failures seriously affect the data persistence and collection efficiency. Strategies based on network coding technology for WSNs such as LTCDS can improve the data persistence without mass redundancy. However, due to the bad intermediate performance of LTCDS, a serious ‘cliff effect’ may appear during the decoding period, and source data are hard to recover from sink nodes before sufficient encoded packets are collected. In this paper, the influence of coding degree distribution strategy on the ‘cliff effect’ is observed and the prioritized data storage and dissemination algorithm PLTD-ALPHA is presented to achieve better data persistence and recovering performance. With PLTD-ALPHA, the data in sensor network nodes present a trend that their degree distribution increases along with the degree level predefined, and the persistent data packets can be submitted to the sink node according to its degree in order. Finally, the performance of PLTD-ALPHA is evaluated and experiment results show that PLTD-ALPHA can greatly improve the data collection performance and decoding efficiency, while data persistence is not notably affected.
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; distributed storage; network coding wireless sensor networks; distributed storage; network coding
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wan, J.; Xiong, N.; Zhang, W.; Zhang, Q.; Wan, Z. Prioritized Degree Distribution in Wireless Sensor Networks with a Network Coded Data Collection Method. Sensors 2012, 12, 17128-17154.

AMA Style

Wan J, Xiong N, Zhang W, Zhang Q, Wan Z. Prioritized Degree Distribution in Wireless Sensor Networks with a Network Coded Data Collection Method. Sensors. 2012; 12(12):17128-17154.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wan, Jan; Xiong, Naixue; Zhang, Wei; Zhang, Qinchao; Wan, Zheng. 2012. "Prioritized Degree Distribution in Wireless Sensor Networks with a Network Coded Data Collection Method." Sensors 12, no. 12: 17128-17154.



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