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Sensors 2012, 12(11), 14508-14524; doi:10.3390/s121114508
Article

A Two-Layers Based Approach of an Enhanced-Mapfor Urban Positioning Support

1
, 2,* , 2
 and 1
Received: 10 September 2012; in revised form: 19 October 2012 / Accepted: 19 October 2012 / Published: 29 October 2012
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Abstract: This paper presents a two-layer based enhanced map that can support navigationin urban environments. One layer is dedicated to describe the drivable road with a specialfocus on the accurate description of its bounds. This feature can support positioning andadvanced map-matching when compared with standard polyline-based maps. The otherlayer depicts building heights and locations, thus enabling the detection of non-line-of-sightsignals coming from GPS satellites not in direct view. Both the concept and the methodologyfor creating these enhanced maps are shown in the paper.
Keywords: mapping; enhanced maps; positioning  mapping; enhanced maps; positioning ;
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Piñana-Díaz, C.; Toledo-Moreo, R.; Toledo-Moreo, F.J.; Skarmeta, A. A Two-Layers Based Approach of an Enhanced-Mapfor Urban Positioning Support. Sensors 2012, 12, 14508-14524.

AMA Style

Piñana-Díaz C, Toledo-Moreo R, Toledo-Moreo FJ, Skarmeta A. A Two-Layers Based Approach of an Enhanced-Mapfor Urban Positioning Support. Sensors. 2012; 12(11):14508-14524.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Piñana-Díaz, Carolina; Toledo-Moreo, Rafael; Toledo-Moreo, F. J.; Skarmeta, Antonio. 2012. "A Two-Layers Based Approach of an Enhanced-Mapfor Urban Positioning Support." Sensors 12, no. 11: 14508-14524.



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