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Sensors 2012, 12(1), 148-161; doi:10.3390/s120100148
Article

Voltammetric Determination of the Herbicide Linuron Using a Tricresyl Phosphate-Based Carbon Paste Electrode

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Received: 1 November 2011; in revised form: 5 December 2011 / Accepted: 5 December 2011 / Published: 22 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensing of Organic Pollution in Soil, Air, Water and Food)
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Abstract: This paper summarises the results of voltammetric studies on the herbicide 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1-methoxy-1-methylurea (Linuron), using a carbon paste electrode containing tricresyl phosphate (TCP-CPE) as liquid binder. The principal experimental conditions, such as the pH effect, investigated in Britton-Robinson buffer solutions (pH 2.0–7.0), the peak characteristics for the analyte of interest, or instrumental parameters for the differential pulse voltammetric mode were optimized for the method. As found out, the best electroanalytical performance of the TCP-CPE was achieved at pH 2.0, whereby the oxidation peak of Linuron appeared at ca. +1.3 V vs. SCE. The analytical procedure developed offers good linearity in the concentration range of 1.25–44.20 μg mL−1 (1.77 × 10−4–5.05 × 10−6 mol L−1), showing - for the first time - the applicability of the TCP-CPE for anodic oxidations in direct voltammetry (without accumulation). The method was then verified by determining Linuron in a spiked river water sample and a commercial formulation and the results obtained agreed well with those obtained by the reference HPLC/UV determination.
Keywords: Linuron; herbicide; carbon paste electrode; tricresyl phosphate; differential pulse voltammetry Linuron; herbicide; carbon paste electrode; tricresyl phosphate; differential pulse voltammetry
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ðorđević, J.; Papp, Z.; Guzsvány, V.; Švancara, I.; Trtić-Petrović, T.; Purenović, M.; Vytřas, K. Voltammetric Determination of the Herbicide Linuron Using a Tricresyl Phosphate-Based Carbon Paste Electrode. Sensors 2012, 12, 148-161.

AMA Style

Ðorđević J, Papp Z, Guzsvány V, Švancara I, Trtić-Petrović T, Purenović M, Vytřas K. Voltammetric Determination of the Herbicide Linuron Using a Tricresyl Phosphate-Based Carbon Paste Electrode. Sensors. 2012; 12(1):148-161.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ðorđević, Jelena; Papp, Zsigmond; Guzsvány, Valéria; Švancara, Ivan; Trtić-Petrović, Tatjana; Purenović, Milovan; Vytřas, Karel. 2012. "Voltammetric Determination of the Herbicide Linuron Using a Tricresyl Phosphate-Based Carbon Paste Electrode." Sensors 12, no. 1: 148-161.



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