Abstract: A sensitive volatile organic vapor sensor based on the LSPR properties of silver triangular nanoprisms is proposed in this paper. The triangular nanoprisms were fabricated by a nanosphere lithography (NSL) method. They have sharp vertices and edges, and are arranged in an ideal hexangular array. These characteristics ensure that they exhibit an excellent LSPR spectrum and a high sensitivity to the exterior environment changes. The LSPR spectra responding to ethanol vapor and four other volatile organic vapors—acetone, benzene, hexane and propanol—were measured with a UV-vis spectrometer in real time. Compared with the other four vapors, ethanol exhibits the highest sensitivity (~0.1 nm/mg L−1) and the lowest detection limit (~10 mg/L) in the spectral tests. The ethanol vapor test process is also fast (~4 s) and reversible. These insights demonstrate that the triangular nanoprism based nano-sensor can be used in ethanol vapor detection applications.
Keywords: localized surface plasmon resonance; volatile organic vapor; triangular nanoprism; sensitivity
Export to BibTeX
MDPI and ACS Style
Ma, W.; Yang, H.; Wang, W.; Gao, P.; Yao, J. Ethanol Vapor Sensing Properties of Triangular Silver Nanostructures Based on Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance. Sensors 2011, 11, 8643-8653.
Ma W, Yang H, Wang W, Gao P, Yao J. Ethanol Vapor Sensing Properties of Triangular Silver Nanostructures Based on Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance. Sensors. 2011; 11(9):8643-8653.
Ma, Wenying; Yang, Huan; Wang, Weimin; Gao, Ping; Yao, Jun. 2011. "Ethanol Vapor Sensing Properties of Triangular Silver Nanostructures Based on Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance." Sensors 11, no. 9: 8643-8653.