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Sensors 2011, 11(4), 4043-4059; doi:10.3390/s110404043
Article

Detection, Composition and Treatment of Volatile Organic Compounds from Waste Treatment Plants

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Received: 23 February 2011; in revised form: 18 March 2011 / Accepted: 1 April 2011 / Published: 6 April 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Direct and Indirect Sensing of Odor and VOCs and Their Control)
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Abstract: Environmental policies at the European and global level support the diversion of wastes from landfills for their treatment in different facilities. Organic waste is mainly treated or valorized through composting, anaerobic digestion or a combination of both treatments. Thus, there are an increasing number of waste treatment plants using this type of biological treatment. During waste handling and biological decomposition steps a number of gaseous compounds are generated or removed from the organic matrix and emitted. Different families of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) can be found in these emissions. Many of these compounds are also sources of odor nuisance. In fact, odors are the main source of complaints and social impacts of any waste treatment plant. This work presents a summary of the main types of VOC emitted in organic waste treatment facilities and the methods used to detect and quantify these compounds, together with the treatment methods applied to gaseous emissions commonly used in composting and anaerobic digestion facilities.
Keywords: volatile organic compounds (VOC); organic waste; waste treatment plants; composting, anaerobic digestion; gaseous emissions; odor volatile organic compounds (VOC); organic waste; waste treatment plants; composting, anaerobic digestion; gaseous emissions; odor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Font, X.; Artola, A.; Sánchez, A. Detection, Composition and Treatment of Volatile Organic Compounds from Waste Treatment Plants. Sensors 2011, 11, 4043-4059.

AMA Style

Font X, Artola A, Sánchez A. Detection, Composition and Treatment of Volatile Organic Compounds from Waste Treatment Plants. Sensors. 2011; 11(4):4043-4059.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Font, Xavier; Artola, Adriana; Sánchez, Antoni. 2011. "Detection, Composition and Treatment of Volatile Organic Compounds from Waste Treatment Plants." Sensors 11, no. 4: 4043-4059.



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