Sensors 2011, 11(4), 3962-3969; doi:10.3390/s110403962
Communication

Novel Mechano-Luminescent Sensors Based on Piezoelectric/Electroluminescent Composites

1 Department of Physics, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, 321004, China 2 College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, 321004, China 3 School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, 100083, China 4 ACCIS Group, Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TH, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 February 2011; in revised form: 17 March 2011 / Accepted: 31 March 2011 / Published: 1 April 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: A high-sensitivity mechano-luminescent sensor was fabricated on the basis of piezoelectric/electroluminescent composites. The working principle of this mechano-luminescent sensor was elucidated by analyzing the relationship between the piezoelectric-induced charges and the electroluminescent effects. When a stress is applied on the piezoelectric layer, electrical charges will be induced at both the top and bottom sides of the piezoelectric layer. The induced electrical charges will lead to a light output from the electroluminescent layer, thus producing a mechano-luminescence effect. By increasing the vibration strength or frequency applied, the mechano-luminescence output can be obviously enhanced. Mechano-luminescence sensors have potential in smart stress-to-light devices, such as foot-stress-distribution-diagnosis systems and dynamic-load-monitors for bridge hanging cables.
Keywords: piezoelectric; mechano-luminescent sensors; composites

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jia, Y.; Tian, X.; Wu, Z.; Tian, X.; Zhou, J.; Fang, Y.; Zhu, C. Novel Mechano-Luminescent Sensors Based on Piezoelectric/Electroluminescent Composites. Sensors 2011, 11, 3962-3969.

AMA Style

Jia Y, Tian X, Wu Z, Tian X, Zhou J, Fang Y, Zhu C. Novel Mechano-Luminescent Sensors Based on Piezoelectric/Electroluminescent Composites. Sensors. 2011; 11(4):3962-3969.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jia, Yanmin; Tian, Xiangling; Wu, Zheng; Tian, Xiaojuan; Zhou, Jiayi; Fang, Yunzhang; Zhu, Chenchen. 2011. "Novel Mechano-Luminescent Sensors Based on Piezoelectric/Electroluminescent Composites." Sensors 11, no. 4: 3962-3969.

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