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Sensors 2011, 11(11), 10490-10501; doi:10.3390/s111110490
Article

A Conjugated Aptamer-Gold Nanoparticle Fluorescent Probe for Highly Sensitive Detection of rHuEPO-α

1,†
, 2,†
, 1
, 1,*  and 1,*
Received: 24 August 2011; in revised form: 11 October 2011 / Accepted: 1 November 2011 / Published: 3 November 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aptamer-Based Sensors)
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Abstract: We present here a novel conjugated aptamer-gold nanoparticle (Apt-AuNPs) fluorescent probe and its application for specific detection of recombinant human erythropoietin-α (rHuEPO-α). In this nanobiosensor, 12 nm AuNPs function as both a nano-scaffold and a nano-quencher (fluorescent energy acceptor), on the surface of which the complementary sequences are linked (as cODN-AuNPs) and pre-hybridized with carboxymethylfluorescein (FAM)-labeled anti-rHuEPO-α aptamers. Upon target protein binding, the aptamers can be released from the AuNP surface and the fluorescence signal is restored. Key variables such as the length of linker, the hybridization site and length have been designed and optimized. Full performance evaluation including sensitivity, linear range and interference substances are also described. This nanobiosensor provides a promising approach for a simple and direct quantification of rHuEPO-α concentrations as low as 0.92 nM within a few hours.
Keywords: aptamers; gold nanoparticles; rHuEPO-α; fluorescent probe aptamers; gold nanoparticles; rHuEPO-α; fluorescent probe
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, J.; Guo, A.; Zhang, Z.; Guo, L.; Xie, J. A Conjugated Aptamer-Gold Nanoparticle Fluorescent Probe for Highly Sensitive Detection of rHuEPO-α. Sensors 2011, 11, 10490-10501.

AMA Style

Sun J, Guo A, Zhang Z, Guo L, Xie J. A Conjugated Aptamer-Gold Nanoparticle Fluorescent Probe for Highly Sensitive Detection of rHuEPO-α. Sensors. 2011; 11(11):10490-10501.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sun, Jiefang; Guo, Aitao; Zhang, Zhaoyang; Guo, Lei; Xie, Jianwei. 2011. "A Conjugated Aptamer-Gold Nanoparticle Fluorescent Probe for Highly Sensitive Detection of rHuEPO-α." Sensors 11, no. 11: 10490-10501.



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