Abstract: Currently, vehicles are often equipped with active safety systems to reduce the risk of accidents, most of which occur in urban environments. The most prominent include Antilock Braking Systems (ABS), Traction Control and Stability Control. All these systems use different kinds of sensors to constantly monitor the conditions of the vehicle, and act in an emergency. In this paper the use of ultrasonic sensors in active safety systems for urban traffic is proposed, and the advantages and disadvantages when compared to other sensors are discussed. Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) for urban traffic based on ultrasounds is presented as an application example. The proposed system has been implemented in a fully-automated prototype vehicle and has been tested under real traffic conditions. The results confirm the good performance of ultrasonic sensors in these systems.
Keywords: ultrasonic sensors; signal processing; active safety; artificial intelligence
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Alonso, L.; Milanés, V.; Torre-Ferrero, C.; Godoy, J.; Oria, J.P.; De Pedro, T. Ultrasonic Sensors in Urban Traffic Driving-Aid Systems. Sensors 2011, 11, 661-673.
Alonso L, Milanés V, Torre-Ferrero C, Godoy J, Oria JP, De Pedro T. Ultrasonic Sensors in Urban Traffic Driving-Aid Systems. Sensors. 2011; 11(1):661-673.
Alonso, Luciano; Milanés, Vicente; Torre-Ferrero, Carlos; Godoy, Jorge; Oria, Juan P.; De Pedro, Teresa. 2011. "Ultrasonic Sensors in Urban Traffic Driving-Aid Systems." Sensors 11, no. 1: 661-673.