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Sensors 2010, 10(8), 7157-7169; doi:10.3390/s100807157

Detecting Solenoid Valve Deterioration in In-Use Electronic Diesel Fuel Injection Control Systems

1,*  and 2
Received: 17 June 2010 / Revised: 20 July 2010 / Accepted: 26 July 2010 / Published: 29 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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The diesel engine is the main power source for most agricultural vehicles. The control of diesel engine emissions is an important global issue. Fuel injection control systems directly affect fuel efficiency and emissions of diesel engines. Deterioration faults, such as rack deformation, solenoid valve failure, and rack-travel sensor malfunction, are possibly in the fuel injection module of electronic diesel control (EDC) systems. Among these faults, solenoid valve failure is most likely to occur for in-use diesel engines. According to the previous studies, this failure is a result of the wear of the plunger and sleeve, based on a long period of usage, lubricant degradation, or engine overheating. Due to the difficulty in identifying solenoid valve deterioration, this study focuses on developing a sensor identification algorithm that can clearly classify the usability of the solenoid valve, without disassembling the fuel pump of an EDC system for in-use agricultural vehicles. A diagnostic algorithm is proposed, including a feedback controller, a parameter identifier, a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) sensor, and a neural network classifier. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can accurately identify the usability of solenoid valves.
Keywords: solenoid valve; diesel engine; fault detection; LVDT sensor solenoid valve; diesel engine; fault detection; LVDT sensor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Tsai, H.-H.; Tseng, C.-Y. Detecting Solenoid Valve Deterioration in In-Use Electronic Diesel Fuel Injection Control Systems. Sensors 2010, 10, 7157-7169.

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