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Sensors 2010, 10(7), 6463-6476; doi:10.3390/s100706463

A Colorimetric Sensor for Qualitative Discrimination and Quantitative Detection of Volatile Amines

School of Automation, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
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Received: 23 May 2010 / Revised: 26 June 2010 / Accepted: 29 June 2010 / Published: 30 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Chemical Sensors)
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Abstract

We have developed a novel colorimetric sensor based on a digital camera and white LED illumination. Colorimetric sensor arrays (CSAs) were made from a set of six chemically responsive dyes impregnated on an inert substrate plate by solution casting. Six common amine aqueous solutions, including dimethylamine, triethylamine, diisopropyl-amine, aniline, cyclohexylamine, and pyridine vaporized at 25 °C and six health-related trimethylamine (TMA) concentrations including 170 ppm, 51 ppm, 8 ppm, 2 ppm, 125 ppb and 50 ppb were analyzed by the sensor to test its ability for the qualitative discrimination and quantitative detection of volatile amines. We extracted the feature vectors of the CSA's response to the analytes from a fusional color space, which was obtained by conducting a joint search algorithm of sequential forward selection and sequential backward selection (SFS&SBS) based on the linear discriminant criteria (LDC) in a mixed color space composed of six common color spaces. The principle component analysis (PCA) followed by the hierarchical cluser analysis (HCA) were utilized to discriminate 12 analytes. Results showed that the colorimetric sensor grouped the six amine vapors and five TMA concentrations correctly, while TMA concentrations of 125 ppb and 50 ppb were indiscriminable from each other. The limitation of detection (LOD) of the sensor for TMA was found to be lower than 50 ppb. The CSAs were reusable for TMA concentrations below 8 ppm. View Full-Text
Keywords: colorimetric sensor array; dyes; amine detection; color spaces colorimetric sensor array; dyes; amine detection; color spaces
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, Z.; Yang, J.; Yu, J.; Cui, B. A Colorimetric Sensor for Qualitative Discrimination and Quantitative Detection of Volatile Amines. Sensors 2010, 10, 6463-6476.

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