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Sensors 2010, 10(3), 2416-2437; doi:10.3390/s100302416

Dynamical Jumping Real-Time Fault-Tolerant Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

1,* , 1,2,* , 1
Received: 26 January 2010 / Revised: 3 March 2010 / Accepted: 10 March 2010 / Published: 23 March 2010
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In time-critical wireless sensor network (WSN) applications, a high degree of reliability is commonly required. A dynamical jumping real-time fault-tolerant routing protocol (DMRF) is proposed in this paper. Each node utilizes the remaining transmission time of the data packets and the state of the forwarding candidate node set to dynamically choose the next hop. Once node failure, network congestion or void region occurs, the transmission mode will switch to jumping transmission mode, which can reduce the transmission time delay, guaranteeing the data packets to be sent to the destination node within the specified time limit. By using feedback mechanism, each node dynamically adjusts the jumping probabilities to increase the ratio of successful transmission. Simulation results show that DMRF can not only efficiently reduce the effects of failure nodes, congestion and void region, but also yield higher ratio of successful transmission, smaller transmission delay and reduced number of control packets.
Keywords: real-time; fault-tolerance; wireless sensor networks; routing protocol real-time; fault-tolerance; wireless sensor networks; routing protocol
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Wu, G.; Lin, C.; Xia, F.; Yao, L.; Zhang, H.; Liu, B. Dynamical Jumping Real-Time Fault-Tolerant Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2010, 10, 2416-2437.

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