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A Deployment of Fine-Grained Sensor Network and Empirical Analysis of Urban Temperature
School of Science and Technology for Future Life, Tokyo Denki University, 501 Daikou Building, 2–5 Kanda-Nishikichou, Chiyoda, Tokyo, 101–0054, Japan
Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Japan
Department of Information and Media Engineering, Tokyo Denki University, 2–2 Kanda-Nishikichou, Chiyoda, Tokyo, 101–8457, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 January 2010; in revised form: 20 February 2010 / Accepted: 15 March 2010 / Published: 18 March 2010
Abstract: Temperature in an urban area exhibits a complicated pattern due to complexity of infrastructure. Despite geographical proximity, structures of a group of buildings and streets affect changes in temperature. To investigate the pattern of fine-grained distribution of temperature, we installed a densely distributed sensor network called UScan. In this paper, we describe the system architecture of UScan as well as experience learned from installing 200 sensors in downtown Tokyo. The field experiment of UScan system operated for two months to collect long-term urban temperature data. To analyze the collected data in an efficient manner, we propose a lightweight clustering methodology to study the correlation between the pattern of temperature and various environmental factors including the amount of sunshine, the width of streets, and the existence of trees. The analysis reveals meaningful results and asserts the necessity of fine-grained deployment of sensors in an urban area.
Keywords: urban sensing; fine-grained sensor network; fine granularity; temperature; empirical analysis; clustering
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MDPI and ACS Style
Thepvilojanapong, N.; Ono, T.; Tobe, Y. A Deployment of Fine-Grained Sensor Network and Empirical Analysis of Urban Temperature. Sensors 2010, 10, 2217-2241.
Thepvilojanapong N, Ono T, Tobe Y. A Deployment of Fine-Grained Sensor Network and Empirical Analysis of Urban Temperature. Sensors. 2010; 10(3):2217-2241.
Thepvilojanapong, Niwat; Ono, Takahiro; Tobe, Yoshito. 2010. "A Deployment of Fine-Grained Sensor Network and Empirical Analysis of Urban Temperature." Sensors 10, no. 3: 2217-2241.