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Sensors 2010, 10(3), 2119-2128; doi:10.3390/s100302119

Immobilization of Acetylcholinesterase on Screen-Printed Electrodes. Application to the Determination of Arsenic(III)

Departamento de Química, Área de Química Analítica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Burgos, Plaza Misael Bañuelos s/n, 09001, Burgos, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 December 2009 / Revised: 8 February 2010 / Accepted: 24 February 2010 / Published: 16 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Biosensors)
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Enzymatic amperometric procedures for measuring arsenic, based on the inhibitive action of this metal on acetylcholinesterase enzyme activity, have been developed. Screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) were used with acetylcholinesterase covalently bonded directly to its surface. The amperometric response of acetylcholinesterase was affected by the presence of arsenic ions, which caused a decrease in the current intensity. The experimental optimum working conditions of pH, substrate concentration and potential applied, were established. Under these conditions, repeatability and reproducibility of biosensors were determined, reaching values below 4% in terms of relative standard deviation. The detection limit obtained for arsenic was 1.1 × 10−8 M for Ach/SPCE biosensor. Analysis of the possible effect of the presence of foreign ions in the solution was performed. The method was applied to determine levels of arsenic in spiked tap water samples.
Keywords: arsenic determination; screen-printed electrode; acetylcholinesterase; biosensor arsenic determination; screen-printed electrode; acetylcholinesterase; biosensor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sanllorente-Méndez, S.; Domínguez-Renedo, O.; Arcos-Martínez, M.J. Immobilization of Acetylcholinesterase on Screen-Printed Electrodes. Application to the Determination of Arsenic(III). Sensors 2010, 10, 2119-2128.

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