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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(7), 1188-1195; doi:10.3390/ijms9071188
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Towards Sustainable Production of Biofuels from Microalgae

1,* , 2 and 1
Received: 20 March 2008 / Revised: 12 May 2008 / Accepted: 10 June 2008 / Published: 9 July 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biofuels R&D: Securing the Planet's Future Energy Needs)
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Abstract

Renewable and carbon neutral biofuels are necessary for environmental and economic sustainability. The viability of the first generation biofuels production is however questionable because of the conflict with food supply. Microalgal biofuels are a viable alternative. The oil productivity of many microalgae exceeds the best producing oil crops. This paper aims to analyze and promote integration approaches for sustainable microalgal biofuel production to meet the energy and environmental needs of the society. The emphasis is on hydrothermal liquefaction technology for direct conversion of algal biomass to liquid fuel.
Keywords: Biomass; Biofuel; Biodiesel; Hydrothermal liquefaction; microalgae; Pyrolysis; Sustainable energy Biomass; Biofuel; Biodiesel; Hydrothermal liquefaction; microalgae; Pyrolysis; Sustainable energy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Patil, V.; Tran, K.-Q.; Giselrød, H.R. Towards Sustainable Production of Biofuels from Microalgae. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9, 1188-1195.

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