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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(6), 1108-1130; doi:10.3390/ijms9061108

CFD Studies on Biomass Thermochemical Conversion

 and *
Department of Chemical Physics and Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at the Microscale, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, P. R. China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 April 2008 / Revised: 3 June 2008 / Accepted: 3 June 2008 / Published: 27 June 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biofuels R&D: Securing the Planet's Future Energy Needs)
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Thermochemical conversion of biomass offers an efficient and economically process to provide gaseous, liquid and solid fuels and prepare chemicals derived from biomass. Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modeling applications on biomass thermochemical processes help to optimize the design and operation of thermochemical reactors. Recent progression in numerical techniques and computing efficacy has advanced CFD as a widely used approach to provide efficient design solutions in industry. This paper introduces the fundamentals involved in developing a CFD solution. Mathematical equations governing the fluid flow, heat and mass transfer and chemical reactions in thermochemical systems are described and sub-models for individual processes are presented. It provides a review of various applications of CFD in the biomass thermochemical process field.
Keywords: Biomass; CFD; thermochemical; gasification; pyrolysis; combustion; model Biomass; CFD; thermochemical; gasification; pyrolysis; combustion; model
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Wang, Y.; Yan, L. CFD Studies on Biomass Thermochemical Conversion. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9, 1108-1130.

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