Alternative Splicing as a Target for Cancer Treatment
AbstractAlternative splicing is a key mechanism determinant for gene expression in metazoan. During alternative splicing, non-coding sequences are removed to generate different mature messenger RNAs due to a combination of sequence elements and cellular factors that contribute to splicing regulation. A different combination of splicing sites, exonic or intronic sequences, mutually exclusive exons or retained introns could be selected during alternative splicing to generate different mature mRNAs that could in turn produce distinct protein products. Alternative splicing is the main source of protein diversity responsible for 90% of human gene expression, and it has recently become a hallmark for cancer with a full potential as a prognostic and therapeutic tool. Currently, more than 15,000 alternative splicing events have been associated to different aspects of cancer biology, including cell proliferation and invasion, apoptosis resistance and susceptibility to different chemotherapeutic drugs. Here, we present well established and newly discovered splicing events that occur in different cancer-related genes, their modification by several approaches and the current status of key tools developed to target alternative splicing with diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. View Full-Text
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Martinez-Montiel, N.; Rosas-Murrieta, N.H.; Anaya Ruiz, M.; Monjaraz-Guzman, E.; Martinez-Contreras, R. Alternative Splicing as a Target for Cancer Treatment. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 545.
Martinez-Montiel N, Rosas-Murrieta NH, Anaya Ruiz M, Monjaraz-Guzman E, Martinez-Contreras R. Alternative Splicing as a Target for Cancer Treatment. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(2):545.Chicago/Turabian Style
Martinez-Montiel, Nancy; Rosas-Murrieta, Nora H.; Anaya Ruiz, Maricruz; Monjaraz-Guzman, Eduardo; Martinez-Contreras, Rebeca. 2018. "Alternative Splicing as a Target for Cancer Treatment." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 2: 545.
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