Melanin-Based Contrast Agents for Biomedical Optoacoustic Imaging and Theranostic Applications
AbstractOptoacoustic imaging emerged in early 1990s as a new biomedical imaging technology that generates images by illuminating tissues with short laser pulses and detecting resulting ultrasound waves. This technique takes advantage of the spectroscopic approach to molecular imaging, and delivers high-resolution images in the depth of tissue. Resolution of the optoacoustic imaging is scalable, so that biomedical systems from cellular organelles to large organs can be visualized and, more importantly, characterized based on their optical absorption coefficient, which is proportional to the concentration of absorbing chromophores. Optoacoustic imaging was shown to be useful in both preclinical research using small animal models and in clinical applications. Applications in the field of molecular imaging offer abundant opportunities for the development of highly specific and effective contrast agents for quantitative optoacoustic imaging. Recent efforts are being made in the direction of nontoxic biodegradable contrast agents (such as nanoparticles made of melanin) that are potentially applicable in clinical optoacoustic imaging. In order to increase the efficiency and specificity of contrast agents and probes, they need to be made smart and capable of controlled accumulation in the target cells. This review was written in recognition of the potential breakthroughs in medical optoacoustic imaging that can be enabled by efficient and nontoxic melanin-based optoacoustic contrast agents. View Full-Text
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Longo, D.L.; Stefania, R.; Aime, S.; Oraevsky, A. Melanin-Based Contrast Agents for Biomedical Optoacoustic Imaging and Theranostic Applications. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1719.
Longo DL, Stefania R, Aime S, Oraevsky A. Melanin-Based Contrast Agents for Biomedical Optoacoustic Imaging and Theranostic Applications. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(8):1719.Chicago/Turabian Style
Longo, Dario Livio; Stefania, Rachele; Aime, Silvio; Oraevsky, Alexander. 2017. "Melanin-Based Contrast Agents for Biomedical Optoacoustic Imaging and Theranostic Applications." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 8: 1719.
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