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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(4), 773; doi:10.3390/ijms18040773

Mitochondrial Genomes Provide Insights into the Phylogeny of Lauxanioidea (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha)

1
Department of Entomology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
2
College of Forestry, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471023, China
3
Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
4
Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Science, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
5
College of Agronomy, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010018, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kun Yan Zhu
Received: 26 January 2017 / Revised: 23 March 2017 / Accepted: 1 April 2017 / Published: 14 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

The superfamily Lauxanioidea is a significant dipteran clade including over 2500 known species in three families: Lauxaniidae, Celyphidae and Chamaemyiidae. We sequenced the first five (three complete and two partial) lauxanioid mitochondrial (mt) genomes, and used them to reconstruct the phylogeny of this group. The lauxanioid mt genomes are typical of the Diptera, containing all 37 genes usually present in bilaterian animals. A total of three conserved intergenic sequences have been reported across the Cyclorrhapha. The inferred secondary structure of 22 tRNAs suggested five substitution patterns among the Cyclorrhapha. The control region in the Lauxanioidea has apparently evolved very fast, but four conserved structural elements were detected in all three complete mt genome sequences. Phylogenetic relationships based on the mt genome data were inferred by Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian methods. The traditional relationships between families within the Lauxanioidea, (Chamaemyiidae + (Lauxaniidae + Celyphidae)), were corroborated; however, the higher-level relationships between cyclorrhaphan superfamilies are mostly poorly supported. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lauxanioidea; Cyclorrhapha; mitochondrial genome; phylogeny; RNAs; intergenic sequences Lauxanioidea; Cyclorrhapha; mitochondrial genome; phylogeny; RNAs; intergenic sequences
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, X.; Li, W.; Ding, S.; Cameron, S.L.; Mao, M.; Shi, L.; Yang, D. Mitochondrial Genomes Provide Insights into the Phylogeny of Lauxanioidea (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha). Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 773.

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