Neuromuscular Junction Dismantling in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
AbstractNeuromuscular junction assembly and plasticity during embryonic, postnatal, and adult life are tightly regulated by the continuous cross-talk among motor nerve endings, muscle fibers, and glial cells. Altered communications among these components is thought to be responsible for the physiological age-related changes at this synapse and possibly for its destruction in pathological states. Neuromuscular junction dismantling plays a crucial role in the onset of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). ALS is characterized by the degeneration and death of motor neurons leading to skeletal muscle denervation, atrophy and, most often, death of the patient within five years from diagnosis. ALS is a non-cell autonomous disease as, besides motor neuron degeneration, glial cells, and possibly muscle fibers, play a role in its onset and progression. Here, we will review the recent literature regarding the mechanisms leading to neuromuscular junction disassembly and muscle denervation focusing on the role of the three players of this peripheral tripartite synapse. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Cappello, V.; Francolini, M. Neuromuscular Junction Dismantling in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2092.
Cappello V, Francolini M. Neuromuscular Junction Dismantling in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(10):2092.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cappello, Valentina; Francolini, Maura. 2017. "Neuromuscular Junction Dismantling in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 10: 2092.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.