Synchronized Cell Cycle Arrest Promotes Osteoclast Differentiation
AbstractOsteoclast progenitors undergo cell cycle arrest before differentiation into osteoclasts, induced by exposure to macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL). The role of such cell cycle arrest in osteoclast differentiation has remained unclear, however. We here examined the effect of synchronized cell cycle arrest on osteoclast formation. Osteoclast progenitors deprived of M-CSF in culture adopted a uniform morphology and exhibited cell cycle arrest at the G0–G1 phase in association with both down-regulation of cyclins A and D1 as well as up-regulation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27Kip1. Such M-CSF deprivation also promoted the differentiation of osteoclast progenitors into multinucleated osteoclasts expressing high levels of osteoclast marker proteins such as NFATc1, c-Fos, Atp6v0d2, cathepsin K, and integrin β3 on subsequent exposure to M-CSF and RANKL. Our results suggest that synchronized arrest and reprogramming of osteoclast progenitors renders them poised to respond to inducers of osteoclast formation. Further characterization of such effects may facilitate induction of the differentiation of heterogeneous and multipotent cells into desired cell lineages. View Full-Text
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Kwon, M.; Kim, J.-M.; Lee, K.; Park, S.-Y.; Lim, H.-S.; Kim, T.; Jeong, D. Synchronized Cell Cycle Arrest Promotes Osteoclast Differentiation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1292.
Kwon M, Kim J-M, Lee K, Park S-Y, Lim H-S, Kim T, Jeong D. Synchronized Cell Cycle Arrest Promotes Osteoclast Differentiation. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(8):1292.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kwon, Minsuk; Kim, Jin-Man; Lee, Kyunghee; Park, So-Young; Lim, Hyun-Sook; Kim, Taesoo; Jeong, Daewon. 2016. "Synchronized Cell Cycle Arrest Promotes Osteoclast Differentiation." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 8: 1292.
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