Autonomic Dysregulation in Multiple Sclerosis
AbstractMultiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, progressive central neurological disease characterized by inflammation and demyelination. In patients with MS, dysregulation of the autonomic nervous system may present with various clinical symptoms including sweating abnormalities, urinary dysfunction, orthostatic dysregulation, gastrointestinal symptoms, and sexual dysfunction. These autonomic disturbances reduce the quality of life of affected patients and constitute a clinical challenge to the physician due to variability of clinical presentation and inconsistent data on diagnosis and treatment. Early diagnosis and initiation of individualized interdisciplinary and multimodal strategies is beneficial in the management of autonomic dysfunction in MS. This review summarizes the current literature on the most prevalent aspects of autonomic dysfunction in MS and provides reference to underlying pathophysiological mechanisms as well as means of diagnosis and treatment. View Full-Text
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Pintér, A.; Cseh, D.; Sárközi, A.; Illigens, B.M.; Siepmann, T. Autonomic Dysregulation in Multiple Sclerosis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 16920-16952.
Pintér A, Cseh D, Sárközi A, Illigens BM, Siepmann T. Autonomic Dysregulation in Multiple Sclerosis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(8):16920-16952.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pintér, Alexandra; Cseh, Domonkos; Sárközi, Adrienn; Illigens, Ben M.; Siepmann, Timo. 2015. "Autonomic Dysregulation in Multiple Sclerosis." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 8: 16920-16952.