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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(8), 16880-16896; doi:10.3390/ijms160816880

Murine K2P5.1 Deficiency Has No Impact on Autoimmune Neuroinflammation due to Compensatory K2P3.1- and KV1.3-Dependent Mechanisms

1
Department of Neurology, University of Münster, Albert-Schweitzer-Campus 1, Münster 48149, Germany
2
LabEx ICST, Institut de Pharmacologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS and Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Valbonne 06560, France
3
Department of Neurology, University of Würzburg, Würzburg 97070, Germany
4
Department of Neuropathology, University Medical Center, Georg August University, Göttingen 37073, Germany
5
Department of Physiology I-Neuropathophysiology, University of Münster, Münster 48149, Germany 
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Katalin Prokai-Tatrai
Received: 1 June 2015 / Revised: 4 July 2015 / Accepted: 9 July 2015 / Published: 24 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Multiple Sclerosis)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4366 KB, uploaded 24 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

Lymphocytes express potassium channels that regulate physiological cell functions, such as activation, proliferation and migration. Expression levels of K2P5.1 (TASK2; KCNK5) channels belonging to the family of two-pore domain potassium channels have previously been correlated to the activity of autoreactive T lymphocytes in patients with multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. In humans, K2P5.1 channels are upregulated upon T cell stimulation and influence T cell effector functions. However, a further clinical translation of targeting K2P5.1 is currently hampered by a lack of highly selective inhibitors, making it necessary to evaluate the impact of KCNK5 in established preclinical animal disease models. We here demonstrate that K2P5.1 knockout (K2P5.1/) mice display no significant alterations concerning T cell cytokine production, proliferation rates, surface marker molecules or signaling pathways. In an experimental model of autoimmune neuroinflammation, K2P5.1/ mice show a comparable disease course to wild-type animals and no major changes in the peripheral immune system or CNS compartment. A compensatory upregulation of the potassium channels K2P3.1 and KV1.3 seems to counterbalance the deletion of K2P5.1. As an alternative model mimicking autoimmune neuroinflammation, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in the common marmoset has been proposed, especially for testing the efficacy of new potential drugs. Initial experiments show that K2P5.1 is functionally expressed on marmoset T lymphocytes, opening up the possibility for assessing future K2P5.1-targeting drugs. View Full-Text
Keywords: ion channels; potassium channels; K2P channels; K2P5.1; TASK2; KCNK5; autoimmune neuroinflammation; multiple sclerosis; EAE ion channels; potassium channels; K2P channels; K2P5.1; TASK2; KCNK5; autoimmune neuroinflammation; multiple sclerosis; EAE
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bittner, S.; Bobak, N.; Hofmann, M.-S.; Schuhmann, M.K.; Ruck, T.; Göbel, K.; Brück, W.; Wiendl, H.; Meuth, S.G. Murine K2P5.1 Deficiency Has No Impact on Autoimmune Neuroinflammation due to Compensatory K2P3.1- and KV1.3-Dependent Mechanisms. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 16880-16896.

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