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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(7), 14594-14607; doi:10.3390/ijms160714594

New Hybrid Nanomaterial Based on Self-Assembly of Cyclodextrins and Cobalt Prussian Blue Analogue Nanocubes

1
Departamento de Química, Centro de Ciências da Natureza, Universidade Federal do Piauí, Teresina, 64049-550 Piauí, Brazil
2
Instituto de Química de São Carlos, Universidade de São Paulo, São Carlos, 13563-120 São Paulo, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jurriaan Huskens and Bing Yan
Received: 27 February 2015 / Revised: 31 March 2015 / Accepted: 8 April 2015 / Published: 29 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Bioactive Nanoparticles)
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Abstract

Supramolecular self-assembly has been demonstrated to be a useful approach to developing new functional nanomaterials. In this work, we used a cobalt Prussian blue analogue (PBA, Co3[Co(CN)6]2) compound and a β-cyclodextrin (CD) macrocycle to develop a novel host-guest PBA-CD nanomaterial. The preparation of the functional magnetic material involved the self-assembly of CD molecules onto a PBA surface by a co-precipitation method. According to transmission electronic microscopy results, PBA-CD exhibited a polydisperse structure composed of 3D nanocubes with a mean edge length of 85 nm, which became shorter after CD incorporation. The supramolecular arrangement and structural, crystalline and thermal properties of the hybrid material were studied in detail by vibrational and electronic spectroscopies and X-ray diffraction. The cyclic voltammogram of the hybrid material in a 0.1 mol·L−1 NaCl supporting electrolyte exhibited a quasi-reversible redox process, attributed to Co2+/Co3+ conversion, with an E1/2 value of 0.46 V (vs. SCE), with higher reversibility observed for the system in the presence of CD. The standard rate constants for PBA and PBA-CD were determined to be 0.07 and 0.13 s−1, respectively, which suggests that the interaction between the nanocubes and CD at the supramolecular level improves electron transfer. We expect that the properties observed for the hybrid material make it a potential candidate for (bio)sensing designs with a desirable capability for drug delivery. View Full-Text
Keywords: cobalt Prussian blue analogue; β-cyclodextrin; supramolecular; self-assembly cobalt Prussian blue analogue; β-cyclodextrin; supramolecular; self-assembly
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Carvalho, C.L.C.; Silva, A.T.B.; Macedo, L.J.A.; Luz, R.A.S.; Neto, J.M.M.; Filho, U.P.R.; Cantanhêde, W. New Hybrid Nanomaterial Based on Self-Assembly of Cyclodextrins and Cobalt Prussian Blue Analogue Nanocubes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 14594-14607.

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