Effect of pH on the Aggregation of α-syn12 Dimer in Explicit Water by Replica-Exchange Molecular Dynamics Simulation
AbstractThe dimeric structure of the N-terminal 12 residues drives the interaction of α-synuclein protein with membranes. Moreover, experimental studies indicated that the aggregation of α-synuclein is faster at low pH than neutral pH. Nevertheless, the effects of different pH on the structural characteristics of the α-syn12 dimer remain poorly understood. We performed 500 ns temperature replica exchange molecular dynamics (T-REMD) simulations of two α-syn12 peptides in explicit solvent. The free energy surfaces contain ten highly populated regions at physiological pH, while there are only three highly populated regions contained at acidic pH. The anti-parallel β-sheet conformations were found as the lowest free energy state. Additionally, these states are nearly flat with a very small barrier which indicates that these states can easily transit between themselves. The dimer undergoes a disorder to order transition from physiological pH to acidic pH and the α-syn12 dimer at acidic pH involves a faster dimerization process. Further, the Lys6–Asp2 contact may prevent the dimerization. View Full-Text
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Cao, Z.; Zhang, X.; Liu, L.; Zhao, L.; Li, H.; Wang, J. Effect of pH on the Aggregation of α-syn12 Dimer in Explicit Water by Replica-Exchange Molecular Dynamics Simulation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 14291-14304.
Cao Z, Zhang X, Liu L, Zhao L, Li H, Wang J. Effect of pH on the Aggregation of α-syn12 Dimer in Explicit Water by Replica-Exchange Molecular Dynamics Simulation. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(7):14291-14304.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cao, Zanxia; Zhang, Xiumei; Liu, Lei; Zhao, Liling; Li, Haiyan; Wang, Jihua. 2015. "Effect of pH on the Aggregation of α-syn12 Dimer in Explicit Water by Replica-Exchange Molecular Dynamics Simulation." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 7: 14291-14304.