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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(3), 4492-4511; doi:10.3390/ijms16034492

Validation of Tuba1a as Appropriate Internal Control for Normalization of Gene Expression Analysis during Mouse Lung Development

1
LOEWE Research Group Lung Cancer Epigenetic, Max-Planck-Institute for Heart and Lung Research, Parkstraße 1, 61231 Bad Nauheim, Germany
2
Universities of Giessen and Marburg Lung Center (UGMLC), Aulweg 130, 35392 Giessen, Germany
3
German Center of Lung Research (DZL), Aulweg 130, 35392 Giessen, Germany
4
Institute for Genetics, Justus-Liebig-University, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 58, 35392 Giessen, Germany
5
Chair for Lung Matrix Remodeling, Excellence Cluster Cardio Pulmonary System, Aulweg 130, 35392 Giessen, Germany
6
Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, 18 Kremlyovskaya St, 420008 Kazan, Russian Federation
7
Department of Cardiac Development and Remodeling, Max-Planck-Institute for Heart and Lung Research, Parkstraße 1, 61231 Bad Nauheim, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: William Chi-shing Cho
Received: 8 December 2014 / Revised: 13 February 2015 / Accepted: 15 February 2015 / Published: 25 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2041 KB, uploaded 25 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

The expression ratio between the analysed gene and an internal control gene is the most widely used normalization method for quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) expression analysis. The ideal reference gene for a specific experiment is the one whose expression is not affected by the different experimental conditions tested. In this study, we validate the applicability of five commonly used reference genes during different stages of mouse lung development. The stability of expression of five different reference genes (Tuba1a, Actb Gapdh, Rn18S and Hist4h4) was calculated within five experimental groups using the statistical algorithm of geNorm software. Overall, Tuba1a showed the least variability in expression among the different stages of lung development, while Hist4h4 and Rn18S showed the maximum variability in their expression. Expression analysis of two lung specific markers, surfactant protein C (SftpC) and Clara cell-specific 10 kDA protein (Scgb1a1), normalized to each of the five reference genes tested here, confirmed our results and showed that incorrect reference gene choice can lead to artefacts. Moreover, a combination of two internal controls for normalization of expression analysis during lung development will increase the accuracy and reliability of results. View Full-Text
Keywords: mouse lung development; reference gene; qRT-PCR; geNorm; alpha 1A tubulin; Tuba1a mouse lung development; reference gene; qRT-PCR; geNorm; alpha 1A tubulin; Tuba1a
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mehta, A.; Dobersch, S.; Dammann, R.H.; Bellusci, S.; Ilinskaya, O.N.; Braun, T.; Barreto, G. Validation of Tuba1a as Appropriate Internal Control for Normalization of Gene Expression Analysis during Mouse Lung Development. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 4492-4511.

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