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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(10), 23760-23783; doi:10.3390/ijms161023760

Bioactive Compounds Found in Brazilian Cerrado Fruits

1
Henrique Santillo, Universidade Estadual de Goiás, Anápolis, Goiás CEP 75132-903, Brasil
2
Laboratório de Pesquisa em Produtos Naturais, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás CEP 74605-170, Brasil
3
Escola de Ciências Médicas, Farmacêuticas e Biomédicas, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás CEP 74605-010, Brasil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maurizio Battino
Received: 3 August 2015 / Revised: 21 September 2015 / Accepted: 21 September 2015 / Published: 9 October 2015
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Abstract

Functional foods include any natural product that presents health-promoting effects, thereby reducing the risk of chronic diseases. Cerrado fruits are considered a source of bioactive substances, mainly phenolic compounds, making them important functional foods. Despite this, the losses of natural vegetation in the Cerrado are progressive. Hence, the knowledge propagation about the importance of the species found in Cerrado could contribute to the preservation of this biome. This review provides information about Cerrado fruits and highlights the structures and pharmacologic potential of functional compounds found in these fruits. Compounds detected in Caryocar brasiliense Camb. (pequi), Dipteryx alata Vog. (baru), Eugenia dysenterica DC. (cagaita), Eugenia uniflora L. (pitanga), Genipa americana L. (jenipapo), Hancornia speciosa Gomes (mangaba), Mauritia flexuosa L.f. (buriti), Myrciaria cauliflora (DC) Berg (jabuticaba), Psidium guajava L. (goiaba), Psidium spp. (araçá), Solanum lycocarpum St. Hill (lobeira), Spondias mombin L. (cajá), Annona crassiflora Mart. (araticum), among others are reported here. View Full-Text
Keywords: Brazilian savanna; functional foods; phenolic compounds; secondary metabolites Brazilian savanna; functional foods; phenolic compounds; secondary metabolites
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bailão, E.F.L.C.; Devilla, I.A.; da Conceição, E.C.; Borges, L.L. Bioactive Compounds Found in Brazilian Cerrado Fruits. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 23760-23783.

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