Next Article in Journal
Transfer RNA Methyltransferases from Thermoplasma acidophilum, a Thermoacidophilic Archaeon
Next Article in Special Issue
Protective Effects of Resveratrol against UVA-Induced Damage in ARPE19 Cells
Previous Article in Journal
The Regulation of Nitric Oxide Synthase Isoform Expression in Mouse and Human Fallopian Tubes: Potential Insights for Ectopic Pregnancy
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Daidzein Metabolite, 6,7,4'-Trihydroxyisoflavone, Is a Novel Inhibitor of PKCα in Suppressing Solar UV-Induced Matrix Metalloproteinase 1
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(1), 68-90; doi:10.3390/ijms16010068

Exposure to Non-Extreme Solar UV Daylight: Spectral Characterization, Effects on Skin and Photoprotection

1
Oréal Research and Innovation, 1 avenue Eugène Schueller, 93601 Aulnay-sous-Bois, France
2
Oréal Research and Innovation, 188-200 rue Paul Hochart, 94550 Chevilly-Larue, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Terrence Piva
Received: 20 November 2014 / Accepted: 17 December 2014 / Published: 23 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Collection Radiation Toxicity in Cells)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2272 KB, uploaded 23 December 2014]   |  

Abstract

The link between chronic sun exposure of human skin and harmful clinical consequences such as photo-aging and skin cancers is now indisputable. These effects are mostly due to ultraviolet (UV) rays (UVA, 320–400 nm and UVB, 280–320 nm). The UVA/UVB ratio can vary with latitude, season, hour, meteorology and ozone layer, leading to different exposure conditions. Zenithal sun exposure (for example on a beach around noon under a clear sky) can rapidly induce visible and well-characterized clinical consequences such as sunburn, predominantly induced by UVB. However, a limited part of the global population is exposed daily to such intense irradiance and until recently little attention has been paid to solar exposure that does not induce any short term clinical impact. This paper will review different studies on non-extreme daily UV exposures with: (1) the characterization and the definition of the standard UV daylight and its simulation in the laboratory; (2) description of the biological and clinical effects of such UV exposure in an in vitro reconstructed human skin model and in human skin in vivo, emphasizing the contribution of UVA rays and (3) analysis of photoprotection approaches dedicated to prevent the harmful impact of such UV exposure. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultraviolet; skin; UV daylight; daily ultraviolet radiation; solar exposure; human skin; reconstructed skin; photoprotection; sunscreen ultraviolet; skin; UV daylight; daily ultraviolet radiation; solar exposure; human skin; reconstructed skin; photoprotection; sunscreen
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Marionnet, C.; Tricaud, C.; Bernerd, F. Exposure to Non-Extreme Solar UV Daylight: Spectral Characterization, Effects on Skin and Photoprotection. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 68-90.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top