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MicroRNAs, Genomic Instability and Cancer
AbstractMicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA transcripts approximately 20 nucleotides in length that regulate expression of protein-coding genes via complementary binding mechanisms. The last decade has seen an exponential increase of publications on miRNAs, ranging from every aspect of basic cancer biology to diagnostic and therapeutic explorations. In this review, we summarize findings of miRNA involvement in genomic instability, an interesting but largely neglected topic to date. We discuss the potential mechanisms by which miRNAs induce genomic instability, considered to be one of the most important driving forces of cancer initiation and progression, though its precise mechanisms remain elusive. We classify genomic instability mechanisms into defects in cell cycle regulation, DNA damage response, and mitotic separation, and review the findings demonstrating the participation of specific miRNAs in such mechanisms.
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Vincent, K.; Pichler, M.; Lee, G.-W.; Ling, H. MicroRNAs, Genomic Instability and Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 14475-14491.View more citation formats
Vincent K, Pichler M, Lee G-W, Ling H. MicroRNAs, Genomic Instability and Cancer. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(8):14475-14491.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vincent, Kimberly; Pichler, Martin; Lee, Gyeong-Won; Ling, Hui. 2014. "MicroRNAs, Genomic Instability and Cancer." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 8: 14475-14491.