Catalpol Ameliorates Sodium Taurocholate-Induced Acute Pancreatitis in Rats via Inhibiting Activation of Nuclear Factor Kappa B
AbstractCatalpol, an iridoid glucoside extracted from the traditional Chinese herbal medicine, Rehmannia glutinosa, is reported to exert neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and anti-apoptotic effects. The main aim of the present study was to investigate whether catalpol ameliorates experimental acute pancreatitis (AP) induced by sodium taurocholate (STC). AP was induced in rats via retrograde injection of 4% STC (0.1 mL/100 g) into the biliopancreatic duct. Rats were pre-treated with saline or catalpol (50 mg/kg) 2 h before STC injection. At 12, 24 and 48 h after injection, the severity of AP was evaluated using biochemical and morphological analyses. Pretreatment with catalpol led to a significant reduction in serum amylase and lipase activities, pancreatic histological damage, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α levels, and activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). Moreover, administration of catalpol increased the viability of pancreatic acinar cells and inhibited NF-κB expression in vitro. Our results collectively support the potential of catalpol as a highly effective therapeutic agent for treatment of AP. View Full-Text
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Xiao, W.Q.; Yin, G.J.; Fan, Y.T.; Qiu, L.; Cang, X.F.; Yu, G.; Hu, Y.L.; Xing, M.; Wu, D.Q.; Wang, X.P.; Hu, G.Y.; Wan, R. Catalpol Ameliorates Sodium Taurocholate-Induced Acute Pancreatitis in Rats via Inhibiting Activation of Nuclear Factor Kappa B. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 11957-11972.
Xiao WQ, Yin GJ, Fan YT, Qiu L, Cang XF, Yu G, Hu YL, Xing M, Wu DQ, Wang XP, Hu GY, Wan R. Catalpol Ameliorates Sodium Taurocholate-Induced Acute Pancreatitis in Rats via Inhibiting Activation of Nuclear Factor Kappa B. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(7):11957-11972.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xiao, Wen Q.; Yin, Guo J.; Fan, Yu T.; Qiu, Lei; Cang, Xiao F.; Yu, Ge; Hu, Yan L.; Xing, Miao; Wu, De Q.; Wang, Xing P.; Hu, Guo Y.; Wan, Rong. 2014. "Catalpol Ameliorates Sodium Taurocholate-Induced Acute Pancreatitis in Rats via Inhibiting Activation of Nuclear Factor Kappa B." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 7: 11957-11972.