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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(5), 7380-7397; doi:10.3390/ijms15057380
Review

The Role of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation in Sustainable Production of Biofuels

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Received: 17 February 2014; in revised form: 25 March 2014 / Accepted: 25 March 2014 / Published: 29 April 2014
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Abstract: With the ever-increasing population of the world (expected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050), and altered life style, comes an increased demand for food, fuel and fiber. However, scarcity of land, water and energy accompanied by climate change means that to produce enough to meet the demands is getting increasingly challenging. Today we must use every avenue from science and technology available to address these challenges. The natural process of symbiotic nitrogen fixation, whereby plants such as legumes fix atmospheric nitrogen gas to ammonia, usable by plants can have a substantial impact as it is found in nature, has low environmental and economic costs and is broadly established. Here we look at the importance of symbiotic nitrogen fixation in the production of biofuel feedstocks; how this process can address major challenges, how improving nitrogen fixation is essential, and what we can do about it.
Keywords: biofuel; legumes; life-cycle analysis; nitrogen fixation biofuel; legumes; life-cycle analysis; nitrogen fixation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Biswas, B.; Gresshoff, P.M. The Role of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation in Sustainable Production of Biofuels. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 7380-7397.

AMA Style

Biswas B, Gresshoff PM. The Role of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation in Sustainable Production of Biofuels. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(5):7380-7397.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Biswas, Bandana; Gresshoff, Peter M. 2014. "The Role of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation in Sustainable Production of Biofuels." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 5: 7380-7397.


Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert