Next Article in Journal
Potential for Layered Double Hydroxides-Based, Innovative Drug Delivery Systems
Previous Article in Journal
The Role of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation in Sustainable Production of Biofuels
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(5), 7398-7408; doi:10.3390/ijms15057398

A Novel Protein Is Lower Expressed in Renal Cell Carcinoma

, 1
, 1
, 1
, 1,*  and 2,3,*
Received: 10 March 2014 / Revised: 2 April 2014 / Accepted: 14 April 2014 / Published: 29 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Pathology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3661 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Engrailed-2 (EN2) has been identified as a candidate oncogene in breast cancer and prostate cancer. It is usually recognized as a mainly nuclear staining in the cells. However, recent studies showed a cytoplasmic staining occurred in prostate cancer, bladder cancer and clear cell renal cell carcinoma. The inconsistency makes us confused. To clarify the localization and expression of EN2 in renal cell carcinoma, anti-EN2 antibody (ab28731) and anti-EN2 antibody (MAB2600) were used for immunohistochemistry (IHC) respectively. Interestingly, we found that EN2 detected by ab28731 was mainly presented in cytoplasm while EN2 detected by MAB2600 was mainly presented in nucleus. To further investigate the different patterns observed above, lysates from full-length EN2 over expression in HEK293T cells were used to identify which antibody the EN2 molecule bound by western blot. Results showed ab28731 did not react with the lysates. For this reason, the novel specific protein detected by ab28731 was not the EN2 molecule and was named nonEN2. Then using the renal carcinoma tissue microarray and renal tissues, we found that the protein expression levels of nonEN2 in kidney tumor tissues was significantly lower than that in kidney normal tissues (p < 0.05), so was in renal cell lines. Taken together, nonEN2 is lower expressed and may play an important role in renal cell carcinoma.
Keywords: engrailed-2; renal cell carcinoma; tissue biomarker engrailed-2; renal cell carcinoma; tissue biomarker
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |

MDPI and ACS Style

Guan, R.; Xu, Y.; Lei, H.; Gao, Z.; Xin, Z.; Guo, Y. A Novel Protein Is Lower Expressed in Renal Cell Carcinoma. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 7398-7408.

AMA Style

Guan R, Xu Y, Lei H, Gao Z, Xin Z, Guo Y. A Novel Protein Is Lower Expressed in Renal Cell Carcinoma. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(5):7398-7408.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guan, Ruili; Xu, Yongde; Lei, Hongen; Gao, Zhezhu; Xin, Zhongcheng; Guo, Yinglu. 2014. "A Novel Protein Is Lower Expressed in Renal Cell Carcinoma." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 5: 7398-7408.

Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert