Abstract: The antioxidative properties of a novel curcumin analogue (2E,6E)-2,6-bis(3,5-dimethoxybenzylidene)cyclohexanone (MCH) were assessed by several in vitro models, including superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging and PC12 cell protection from H2O2 damage. MCH displayed superior O2•− quenching abilities compared to curcumin and vitamin C. In vitro stability of MCH was also improved compared with curcumin. Exposure of PC12 cells to 150 µM H2O2 caused a decrease of antioxidant enzyme activities, glutathione (GSH) loss, an increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) level, and leakage of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), cell apoptosis and reduction in cell viability. Pretreatment of the cells with MCH at 0.63–5.00 µM before H2O2 exposure significantly attenuated those changes in a dose-dependent manner. MCH enhanced cellular expression of transcription factor NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) at the transcriptional level. Moreover, MCH could mitigate intracellular accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and the increase of cleaved caspase-3 activity induced by H2O2. These results show that MCH protects PC12 cells from H2O2 injury by modulating endogenous antioxidant enzymes, scavenging ROS, activating the Nrf2 cytoprotective pathway and prevention of apoptosis.
Keywords: curcumin analogue; free radical scavenger; hydrogen peroxide; PC12 cells; apoptosis
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Ao, G.-Z.; Chu, X.-J.; Ji, Y.-Y.; Wang, J.-W. Antioxidant Properties and PC12 Cell Protective Effects of a Novel Curcumin Analogue (2E,6E)-2,6-Bis(3,5- dimethoxybenzylidene)cyclohexanone (MCH). Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 3970-3988.
Ao G-Z, Chu X-J, Ji Y-Y, Wang J-W. Antioxidant Properties and PC12 Cell Protective Effects of a Novel Curcumin Analogue (2E,6E)-2,6-Bis(3,5- dimethoxybenzylidene)cyclohexanone (MCH). International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(3):3970-3988.
Ao, Gui-Zhen; Chu, Xiao-Jing; Ji, Yuan-Yuan; Wang, Jian-Wen. 2014. "Antioxidant Properties and PC12 Cell Protective Effects of a Novel Curcumin Analogue (2E,6E)-2,6-Bis(3,5- dimethoxybenzylidene)cyclohexanone (MCH)." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 3: 3970-3988.