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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(2), 2794-2810; doi:10.3390/ijms15022794
Article

Insight into Conformational Change for 14-3-3σ Protein by Molecular Dynamics Simulation

1
, 1
, 3,4,*  and 1,2,*
Received: 29 November 2013; in revised form: 18 January 2014 / Accepted: 7 February 2014 / Published: 18 February 2014
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Abstract: 14-3-3σ is a member of a highly conserved family of 14-3-3 proteins that has a double-edged sword role in human cancers. Former reports have indicated that the 14-3-3 protein may be in an open or closed state. In this work, we found that the apo-14-3-3σ is in an open state compared with the phosphopeptide bound 14-3-3σ complex which is in a more closed state based on our 80 ns molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The interaction between the two monomers of 14-3-3σ in the open state is the same as that in the closed state. In both open and closed states, helices A to D, which are involved in dimerization, are stable. However, large differences are found in helices E and F. The hydrophobic contacts and hydrogen bonds between helices E and G in apo-14-3-3σ are different from those in the bound 14-3-3σ complex. The restrained and the mutated (Arg56 or Arg129 to alanine) MD simulations indicate that the conformation of four residues (Lys49, Arg56, Arg129 and Tyr130) may play an important role to keep the 14-3-3σ protein in an open or closed state. These results would be useful to evaluate the 14-3-3σ protein structure-function relationship.
Keywords: conformational change; 14-3-3σ protein; molecular dynamics simulation conformational change; 14-3-3σ protein; molecular dynamics simulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hu, G.; Li, H.; Liu, J.-Y.; Wang, J. Insight into Conformational Change for 14-3-3σ Protein by Molecular Dynamics Simulation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 2794-2810.

AMA Style

Hu G, Li H, Liu J-Y, Wang J. Insight into Conformational Change for 14-3-3σ Protein by Molecular Dynamics Simulation. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(2):2794-2810.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hu, Guodong; Li, Haiyan; Liu, Jing-Yuan; Wang, Jihua. 2014. "Insight into Conformational Change for 14-3-3σ Protein by Molecular Dynamics Simulation." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 2: 2794-2810.



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