- freely available
Bacterial Cellular Engineering by Genome Editing and Gene Silencing
AbstractGenome editing is an important technology for bacterial cellular engineering, which is commonly conducted by homologous recombination-based procedures, including gene knockout (disruption), knock-in (insertion), and allelic exchange. In addition, some new recombination-independent approaches have emerged that utilize catalytic RNAs, artificial nucleases, nucleic acid analogs, and peptide nucleic acids. Apart from these methods, which directly modify the genomic structure, an alternative approach is to conditionally modify the gene expression profile at the posttranscriptional level without altering the genomes. This is performed by expressing antisense RNAs to knock down (silence) target mRNAs in vivo. This review describes the features and recent advances on methods used in genomic engineering and silencing technologies that are advantageously used for bacterial cellular engineering.
Share & Cite This Article
Export to BibTeX | EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style
Nakashima, N.; Miyazaki, K. Bacterial Cellular Engineering by Genome Editing and Gene Silencing. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 2773-2793.View more citation formats
Nakashima N, Miyazaki K. Bacterial Cellular Engineering by Genome Editing and Gene Silencing. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(2):2773-2793.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nakashima, Nobutaka; Miyazaki, Kentaro. 2014. "Bacterial Cellular Engineering by Genome Editing and Gene Silencing." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 2: 2773-2793.