Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(2), 1700-1718; doi:10.3390/ijms15021700
Article

Regulation of an Autoimmune Model for Multiple Sclerosis in Th2-Biased GATA3 Transgenic Mice

1,†email, 1,†email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 2email, 3email and 1,* email
Received: 1 November 2013; in revised form: 11 January 2014 / Accepted: 14 January 2014 / Published: 23 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neuroprotective Strategies 2014)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: T helper (Th)2 cells have been proposed to play a neuroprotective role in multiple sclerosis (MS). This is mainly based on “loss-of-function” studies in an animal model for MS, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), using blocking antibodies against Th2 related cytokines, and knockout mice lacking Th2-related molecules. We tested whether an increase of Th2 responses (“gain-of-function” approach) could alter EAE, the approach of novel GATA binding protein 3 (GATA3)-transgenic (tg) mice that overexpress GATA3, a transcription factor required for Th2 differentiation. In EAE induced with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)35−55 peptide, GATA3-tg mice had a significantly delayed onset of disease and a less severe maximum clinical score, compared with wild-type C57BL/6 mice. Histologically, GATA3-tg mice had decreased levels of meningitis and demyelination in the spinal cord, and anti-inflammatory cytokine profiles immunologically, however both groups developed similar levels of MOG-specific lymphoproliferative responses. During the early stage, we detected higher levels of interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10, with MOG and mitogen stimulation of regional lymph node cells in GATA3-tg mice. During the late stage, only mitogen stimulation induced higher IL-4 and lower interferon-γ and IL-17 production in GATA3-tg mice. These results suggest that a preexisting bias toward a Th2 immune response may reduce the severity of inflammatory demyelinating diseases, including MS.
Keywords: autoimmune demyelinating diseases; GATA3 transcription factor; autoimmunity; animal models; paraffin; histology; oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein; Th1-Th2 assays; Luxol fast blue; Th17; incomplete Freund’s adjuvant
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fernando, V.; Omura, S.; Sato, F.; Kawai, E.; Martinez, N.E.; Elliott, S.F.; Yoh, K.; Takahashi, S.; Tsunoda, I. Regulation of an Autoimmune Model for Multiple Sclerosis in Th2-Biased GATA3 Transgenic Mice. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 1700-1718.

AMA Style

Fernando V, Omura S, Sato F, Kawai E, Martinez NE, Elliott SF, Yoh K, Takahashi S, Tsunoda I. Regulation of an Autoimmune Model for Multiple Sclerosis in Th2-Biased GATA3 Transgenic Mice. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(2):1700-1718.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fernando, Viromi; Omura, Seiichi; Sato, Fumitaka; Kawai, Eiichiro; Martinez, Nicholas E.; Elliott, Sadie F.; Yoh, Keigyou; Takahashi, Satoru; Tsunoda, Ikuo. 2014. "Regulation of an Autoimmune Model for Multiple Sclerosis in Th2-Biased GATA3 Transgenic Mice." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 2: 1700-1718.

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