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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(12), 23024-23041; doi:10.3390/ijms151223024

Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy in Breast Cancer

1
Department of Biomedicine, Pharmacology, Aarhus University, Wilhelm Meyers Allé 4, Aarhus C 8000, Denmark
2
Clinic for Plastic, Aesthetic and Hand Surgery, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, Leipziger Str. 44, Magdeburg D-39120, Germany
3
Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, Nørrebrogade 44, Aarhus C 8000, Denmark
4
Medical Research Laboratory, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Nørrebrogade 44, Aarhus C 8000, Denmark
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 October 2014 / Revised: 5 December 2014 / Accepted: 6 December 2014 / Published: 11 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Collection Advances in Proteomic Research)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2120 KB, uploaded 11 December 2014]   |  

Abstract

Neo-angiogenesis is a critical process for tumor growth and invasion and has become a promising target in cancer therapy. This manuscript reviews three currently relevant anti-angiogenic agents targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor system: bevacizumab, ramucirumab and sorafenib. The efficacy of anti-angiogenic drugs in adjuvant therapy or as neo-adjuvant treatment has been estimated in clinical trials of advanced breast cancer. To date, the overall observed clinical improvements are unconvincing, and further research is required to demonstrate the efficacy of anti-angiogenic drugs in breast cancer treatments. The outcomes of anti-angiogenic therapy have been highly variable in terms of tumor response. New methods are needed to identify patients who will benefit from this regimen. The development of biomarkers and molecular profiling are relevant research areas that may strengthen the ability to focus anti-angiogenic therapy towards suitable patients, thereby increase the cost-effectiveness, currently estimated to be inadequate. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast cancer; anti-angiogenic therapy; biomarkers; vascular endothelial growth factor breast cancer; anti-angiogenic therapy; biomarkers; vascular endothelial growth factor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kristensen, T.B.; Knutsson, M.L.T.; Wehland, M.; Laursen, B.E.; Grimm, D.; Warnke, E.; Magnusson, N.E. Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy in Breast Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 23024-23041.

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