EGF Potentiation of VEGF Production Is Cell Density Dependent in H292 EGFR Wild Type NSCLC Cell Line
AbstractNon-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) affects millions of patients each year worldwide. Existing therapies include epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition using small molecules or antibodies with good efficacy. Unfortunately, intrinsic and acquired resistance to EGFR therapy remains a persistent complication for disease treatment. A greater understanding of the role of EGFR in NSCLC etiology is crucial to improving patient outcomes. In this study, the role of EGFR in tumor angiogenesis was examined in H292 NSCLC cells under the pretense that confluent cells would exhibit a more angiogenic and growth-centered phenotype. Indeed, confluent H292 cells potentiated endothelial cell angiogenesis in co-culture models in an EGFR-dependent manner. While confluent H292 cells did not exhibit any change in EGFR protein expression, EGFR localization to the extracellular membrane was increased. EGFR membrane localization coincided with a comparable potentiation of maximal EGFR phosphorylation and was followed by a 3-fold increase in vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) production as compared to subconfluent cells. EGFR-mediated VEGF-A production was determined to be dependent on signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) activation and not phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling. These results identify unique cell density dependent phenotypes within a monoclonal NSCLC cell line and provide a potential mechanism of resistance to anti-EGFR therapy in metastatic NSCLC. View Full-Text
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Ranayhossaini, D.J.; Lu, J.; Mabus, J.; Gervais, A.; Lingham, R.B.; Fursov, N. EGF Potentiation of VEGF Production Is Cell Density Dependent in H292 EGFR Wild Type NSCLC Cell Line. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 17686-17704.
Ranayhossaini DJ, Lu J, Mabus J, Gervais A, Lingham RB, Fursov N. EGF Potentiation of VEGF Production Is Cell Density Dependent in H292 EGFR Wild Type NSCLC Cell Line. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(10):17686-17704.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ranayhossaini, Daniel J.; Lu, Jin; Mabus, John; Gervais, Alexis; Lingham, Russell B.; Fursov, Natalie. 2014. "EGF Potentiation of VEGF Production Is Cell Density Dependent in H292 EGFR Wild Type NSCLC Cell Line." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 10: 17686-17704.