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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(1), 1511-1524; doi:10.3390/ijms15011511
Article

Temperature-Responsive Poly(ε-caprolactone) Cell Culture Platform with Dynamically Tunable Nano-Roughness and Elasticity for Control of Myoblast Morphology

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 and *
Received: 6 December 2013; in revised form: 15 January 2014 / Accepted: 16 January 2014 / Published: 21 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interaction between Nano-Structure Materials and Cells)
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Abstract: We developed a dynamic cell culture platform with dynamically tunable nano-roughness and elasticity. Temperature-responsive poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) films were successfully prepared by crosslinking linear and tetra-branched PCL macromonomers. By optimizing the mixing ratios, the crystal-amorphous transition temperature (Tm) of the crosslinked film was adjusted to the biological relevant temperature (~33 °C). While the crosslinked films are relatively stiff (50 MPa) below the Tm, they suddenly become soft (1 MPa) above the Tm. Correspondingly, roughness of the surface was decreased from 63.4–12.4 nm. It is noted that the surface wettability was independent of temperature. To investigate the role of dynamic surface roughness and elasticity on cell adhesion, cells were seeded on PCL films at 32 °C. Interestingly, spread myoblasts on the film became rounded when temperature was suddenly increased to 37 °C, while significant changes in cell morphology were not observed for fibroblasts. These results indicate that cells can sense dynamic changes in the surrounding environment but the sensitivity depends on cell types.
Keywords: temperature-responsive polymers; dynamic cell culture; poly(ε-caprolactone); elasticity; nano-roughness temperature-responsive polymers; dynamic cell culture; poly(ε-caprolactone); elasticity; nano-roughness
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Uto, K.; Ebara, M.; Aoyagi, T. Temperature-Responsive Poly(ε-caprolactone) Cell Culture Platform with Dynamically Tunable Nano-Roughness and Elasticity for Control of Myoblast Morphology. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 1511-1524.

AMA Style

Uto K, Ebara M, Aoyagi T. Temperature-Responsive Poly(ε-caprolactone) Cell Culture Platform with Dynamically Tunable Nano-Roughness and Elasticity for Control of Myoblast Morphology. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(1):1511-1524.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Uto, Koichiro; Ebara, Mitsuhiro; Aoyagi, Takao. 2014. "Temperature-Responsive Poly(ε-caprolactone) Cell Culture Platform with Dynamically Tunable Nano-Roughness and Elasticity for Control of Myoblast Morphology." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 1: 1511-1524.


Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert