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Could Radiotherapy Effectiveness Be Enhanced by Electromagnetic Field Treatment?
Department of Radiology and Physical Medicine Av. Madrid s/n, Granada 18012, Spain
Biohealth Research Institute of Granada C/Doctor Azpitarte 4, fourth floor, Licinio de la Fuente Building, Granada 18012, Spain
Ciber of Hepatic and Digestive Diseases CIBEREHD, C/Córcega 180 ground floor, right. Barcelona 08036, Spain
Ciber of Epidemiology .and Public Health CIBERESP San Cecilio University Hospital, Avda Madrid s/n, Granada 18012, Spain
Institute of Biopathology and Regenerative Medicine (IBIMER), University of Granada. Av. Conocimiento, s/n, Armilla 18100, Granada, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 March 2013; in revised form: 25 June 2013 / Accepted: 1 July 2013 / Published: 17 July 2013
Abstract: One of the main goals in radiobiology research is to enhance radiotherapy effectiveness without provoking any increase in toxicity. In this context, it has been proposed that electromagnetic fields (EMFs), known to be modulators of proliferation rate, enhancers of apoptosis and inductors of genotoxicity, might control tumor recruitment and, thus, provide therapeutic benefits. Scientific evidence shows that the effects of ionizing radiation on cellular compartments and functions are strengthened by EMF. Although little is known about the potential role of EMFs in radiotherapy (RT), the radiosensitizing effect of EMFs described in the literature could support their use to improve radiation effectiveness. Thus, we hypothesized that EMF exposure might enhance the ionizing radiation effect on tumor cells, improving the effects of RT. The aim of this paper is to review reports of the effects of EMFs in biological systems and their potential therapeutic benefits in radiotherapy.
Keywords: electromagnetic fields; cancer; ELF magnetic exposure; radiotherapy; genotoxicity
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Francisco, A.-C.; Mar, S.-A.M.; Irene, C.; Sandra, R.-A.; Josefa, L.; Elisa, R.-M.; Nicolás, O.; Isabel, N.M. Could Radiotherapy Effectiveness Be Enhanced by Electromagnetic Field Treatment? Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 14974-14995.
Francisco A-C, Mar S-AM, Irene C, Sandra R-A, Josefa L, Elisa R-M, Nicolás O, Isabel NM. Could Radiotherapy Effectiveness Be Enhanced by Electromagnetic Field Treatment? International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(7):14974-14995.
Francisco, Artacho-Cordón; Mar, Salinas-Asensio M.; Irene, Calvente; Sandra, Ríos-Arrabal; Josefa, León; Elisa, Román-Marinetto; Nicolás, Olea; Isabel, Núñez M. 2013. "Could Radiotherapy Effectiveness Be Enhanced by Electromagnetic Field Treatment?" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 7: 14974-14995.