Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(7), 14950-14973; doi:10.3390/ijms140714950
Review

Plant Flavonoids—Biosynthesis, Transport and Involvement in Stress Responses

,
,
,
,
,
 and *
Received: 24 April 2013; in revised form: 11 July 2013 / Accepted: 11 July 2013 / Published: 17 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Research in Plant Secondary Metabolism)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [836 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]
Abstract: This paper aims at analysing the synthesis of flavonoids, their import and export in plant cell compartments, as well as their involvement in the response to stress, with particular reference to grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). A multidrug and toxic compound extrusion (MATE) as well as ABC transporters have been demonstrated in the tonoplast of grape berry, where they perform a flavonoid transport. The involvement of a glutathione S-transferase (GST) gene has also been inferred. Recently, a putative flavonoid carrier, similar to mammalian bilitranslocase (BTL), has been identified in both grape berry skin and pulp. In skin the pattern of BTL expression increases from véraison to harvest, while in the pulp its expression reaches the maximum at the early ripening stage. Moreover, the presence of BTL in vascular bundles suggests its participation in long distance transport of flavonoids. In addition, the presence of a vesicular trafficking in plants responsible for flavonoid transport is discussed. Finally, the involvement of flavonoids in the response to stress is described.
Keywords: flavonoid transport; bilitranslocase; ABC transporters; secondary metabolites; biotic and abiotic stress flavonoid transport; bilitranslocase; ABC transporters; secondary metabolites; biotic and abiotic stress
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Petrussa, E.; Braidot, E.; Zancani, M.; Peresson, C.; Bertolini, A.; Patui, S.; Vianello, A. Plant Flavonoids—Biosynthesis, Transport and Involvement in Stress Responses. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 14950-14973.

AMA Style

Petrussa E, Braidot E, Zancani M, Peresson C, Bertolini A, Patui S, Vianello A. Plant Flavonoids—Biosynthesis, Transport and Involvement in Stress Responses. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(7):14950-14973.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Petrussa, Elisa; Braidot, Enrico; Zancani, Marco; Peresson, Carlo; Bertolini, Alberto; Patui, Sonia; Vianello, Angelo. 2013. "Plant Flavonoids—Biosynthesis, Transport and Involvement in Stress Responses." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 7: 14950-14973.


Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert