Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(5), 10107-10121; doi:10.3390/ijms140510107
Article

Native High Density Lipoproteins (HDL) Interfere with Platelet Activation Induced by Oxidized Low Density Lipoproteins (OxLDL)

1 Institute of Physiology-Centre for Physiology & Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna; Schwarzspanierstr. 17, 1090 Vienna, Austria 2 Department of Molecular Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 March 2013; in revised form: 16 April 2013 / Accepted: 29 April 2013 / Published: 10 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oxidative Stress in Cardiovascular Disease)
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Abstract: Platelets and lipoproteins play a crucial role in atherogenesis, in part by their ability to modulate inflammation and oxidative stress. While oxidized low density lipoproteins (OxLDL) play a central role in the development of this disease, high density lipoproteins (HDL) represent an atheroprotective factor of utmost importance. As platelet function is remarkably sensitive to the influence of plasma lipoproteins, it was the aim of this study to clarify if HDL are able to counteract the stimulating effects of OxLDL with special emphasis on aspects of platelet function that are relevant to inflammation. Therefore, HDL were tested for their ability to interfere with pro-thrombotic and pro-inflammatory aspects of platelet function. We are able to show that HDL significantly impaired OxLDL-induced platelet aggregation and adhesion. In gel-filtered platelets, HDL decreased both the formation of reactive oxygen species and CD40L expression. Furthermore, HDL strongly interfered with OxLDL-induced formation of platelet-neutrophil aggregates in whole blood, suggesting that platelets represent a relevant and sensitive target for HDL. The finding that HDL effectively competed with the binding of OxLDL to the platelet surface might contribute to their atheroprotective and antithrombotic properties.
Keywords: platelets; reactive oxygen species; oxidized low density lipoproteins; high density lipoproteins; inflammation; CD40 ligand

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MDPI and ACS Style

Badrnya, S.; Assinger, A.; Volf, I. Native High Density Lipoproteins (HDL) Interfere with Platelet Activation Induced by Oxidized Low Density Lipoproteins (OxLDL). Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 10107-10121.

AMA Style

Badrnya S, Assinger A, Volf I. Native High Density Lipoproteins (HDL) Interfere with Platelet Activation Induced by Oxidized Low Density Lipoproteins (OxLDL). International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(5):10107-10121.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Badrnya, Sigrun; Assinger, Alice; Volf, Ivo. 2013. "Native High Density Lipoproteins (HDL) Interfere with Platelet Activation Induced by Oxidized Low Density Lipoproteins (OxLDL)." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 5: 10107-10121.

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