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Plant bZIP Transcription Factors Responsive to Pathogens: A Review
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais 36570000, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 February 2013; in revised form: 2 April 2013 / Accepted: 2 April 2013 / Published: 10 April 2013
Abstract: Transcription factors of the basic leucine zipper (bZIP) family control important processes in all eukaryotes. In plants, bZIPs are master regulators of many central developmental and physiological processes, including morphogenesis, seed formation, abiotic and biotic stress responses. Modulation of the expression patterns of bZIP genes and changes in their activity often contribute to the activation of various signaling pathways and regulatory networks of different physiological processes. However, most advances in the study of plant bZIP transcription factors are related to their involvement in abiotic stress and development. In contrast, there are few examples of functional research with regard to biotic stress, particularly in the defense against pathogens. In this review, we summarize the recent progress revealing the role of bZIP transcription factors in the biotic stress responses of several plant species, from Arabidopsis to cotton. Moreover, we summarize the interacting partners of bZIP proteins in molecular responses during pathogen attack and the key components of the signal transduction pathways with which they physically interact during plant defense responses. Lastly, we focus on the recent advances regarding research on the functional role of bZIPs in major agricultural cultivars and examine the studies performed in this field.
Keywords: plant defense; biotic stress; bZIP transcription factors
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MDPI and ACS Style
Alves, M.S.; Dadalto, S.P.; Gonçalves, A.B.; De Souza, G.B.; Barros, V.A.; Fietto, L.G. Plant bZIP Transcription Factors Responsive to Pathogens: A Review. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 7815-7828.
Alves MS, Dadalto SP, Gonçalves AB, De Souza GB, Barros VA, Fietto LG. Plant bZIP Transcription Factors Responsive to Pathogens: A Review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(4):7815-7828.
Alves, Murilo S.; Dadalto, Silvana P.; Gonçalves, Amanda B.; De Souza, Gilza B.; Barros, Vanessa A.; Fietto, Luciano G. 2013. "Plant bZIP Transcription Factors Responsive to Pathogens: A Review." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 4: 7815-7828.