Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(1), 2175-2189; doi:10.3390/ijms14012175

Induction of Heat Shock Protein 70 Ameliorates Ultraviolet-Induced Photokeratitis in Mice

1email, 1,2,3,* email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 4email, 2email and 1email
Received: 7 November 2012; in revised form: 9 January 2013 / Accepted: 18 January 2013 / Published: 22 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue UV-Induced Cell Death 2012)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Acute ultraviolet (UV) B exposure causes photokeratitis and induces apoptosis in corneal cells. Geranylgeranylacetone (GGA) is an acyclic polyisoprenoid that induces expression of heat shock protein (HSP)70, a soluble intracellular chaperone protein expressed in various tissues, protecting cells against stress conditions. We examined whether induction of HSP70 has therapeutic effects on UV-photokeratitis in mice. C57 BL/6 mice were divided into four groups, GGA-treated (500 mg/kg/mouse) and UVB-exposed (400 mJ/cm2), GGA-untreated UVB-exposed (400 mJ/cm2), GGA-treated (500 mg/kg/mouse) but not exposed and naive controls. Eyeballs were collected 24 h after irradiation, and corneas were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL). HSP70, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) and protein kinase B (Akt) expression were also evaluated. Irradiated corneal epithelium was significantly thicker in the eyes of mice treated with GGA compared with those given the vehicle alone (p < 0.01). Significantly fewer TUNEL-positive cells were observed in the eyes of GGA-treated mice than controls after irradiation (p < 0.01). Corneal HSP70 levels were significantly elevated in corneas of mice treated with GGA (p < 0.05). ROS signal was not affected by GGA. NF-κB activation was reduced but phospho-(Ser/Ther) Akt substrate expression was increased in corneas after irradiation when treated with GGA. GGA-treatment induced HSP70 expression and ameliorated UV-induced corneal damage through the reduced NF-κB activation and possibly increased Akt phosphorilation.
Keywords: GGA; geranylgeranylacetone; HSP; HSP70; UVB; keratitis; cornea; apoptosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lennikov, A.; Kitaichi, N.; Kase, S.; Noda, K.; Horie, Y.; Nakai, A.; Ohno, S.; Ishida, S. Induction of Heat Shock Protein 70 Ameliorates Ultraviolet-Induced Photokeratitis in Mice. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 2175-2189.

AMA Style

Lennikov A, Kitaichi N, Kase S, Noda K, Horie Y, Nakai A, Ohno S, Ishida S. Induction of Heat Shock Protein 70 Ameliorates Ultraviolet-Induced Photokeratitis in Mice. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(1):2175-2189.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lennikov, Anton; Kitaichi, Nobuyoshi; Kase, Satoru; Noda, Kousuke; Horie, Yukihiro; Nakai, Akira; Ohno, Shigeaki; Ishida, Susumu. 2013. "Induction of Heat Shock Protein 70 Ameliorates Ultraviolet-Induced Photokeratitis in Mice." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 1: 2175-2189.

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