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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(1), 39-45; doi:10.3390/ijms12010039
Article

Erwinia mallotivora sp., a New Pathogen of Papaya (Carica papaya) in Peninsular Malaysia

* ,
,
 and
Biotechnology Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P.O Box 12301, General Post Office, 50774 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 November 2010 / Revised: 10 December 2010 / Accepted: 20 December 2010 / Published: 24 December 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
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Abstract

Erwinia mallotivora was isolated from papaya infected with dieback disease showing the typical symptoms of greasy, water-soaked lesions and spots on leaves. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain belonged to the genus Erwinia and was united in a monophyletic group with E. mallotivora DSM 4565 (AJ233414). Earlier studies had indicated that the causal agent for this disease was E. papayae. However, our current studies, through Koch’s postulate, have confirmed that papaya dieback disease is caused by E. mallotivora. To our knowledge, this is the first new discovery of E. mallotivora as a causal agent of papaya dieback disease in Peninsular Malaysia. Previous reports have suggested that E. mallotivora causes leaf spot in Mallotus japonicus. However, this research confirms it also to be pathogenic to Carica papaya.
Keywords: Carica papaya; Erwinia mallotivora; papaya dieback Carica papaya; Erwinia mallotivora; papaya dieback
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mat Amin, N.; Bunawan, H.; Redzuan, R.A.; Jaganath, I.B.S. Erwinia mallotivora sp., a New Pathogen of Papaya (Carica papaya) in Peninsular Malaysia. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 39-45.

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