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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11(11), 4506-4510; doi:10.3390/ijms11114506
Article

Insight into the Strong Antioxidant Activity of Deinoxanthin, a Unique Carotenoid in Deinococcus Radiodurans

Received: 23 October 2010; in revised form: 3 November 2010 / Accepted: 7 November 2010 / Published: 10 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
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Abstract: Deinoxanthin (DX) is a unique carotenoid synthesized by Deinococcus radiodurans, one of the most radioresistant organisms known. In comparison with other carotenoids, DX was proven to exhibit significantly stronger reactive oxygen species (ROS)-scavenging activity, which plays an important role in the radioresistance of D. radiodurans. In this work, to gain deeper insights into the strong antioxidant activity of DX, the parameters characterizing ROS-scavenging potential were calculated by means of quantum chemical calculations. It was found that DX possesses lower lowest triplet excitation energy for its unique structure than other carotenoids, such as β-carotene and zeaxanthin, which endows DX strong potential in the energy transfer-based ROS‑scavenging process. Moreover, the H-atom donating potential of DX is similar to zeaxanthin according to the theoretical homolytic O-H bond dissociation enthalpy. Thus, the large number of conjugated double bonds should be crucial for its strong antioxidant activity.
Keywords: deinoxanthin; lowest triplet excitation energy; bond dissociation enthalpy; density functional theory deinoxanthin; lowest triplet excitation energy; bond dissociation enthalpy; density functional theory
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ji, H.-F. Insight into the Strong Antioxidant Activity of Deinoxanthin, a Unique Carotenoid in Deinococcus Radiodurans. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 4506-4510.

AMA Style

Ji H-F. Insight into the Strong Antioxidant Activity of Deinoxanthin, a Unique Carotenoid in Deinococcus Radiodurans. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(11):4506-4510.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ji, Hong-Fang. 2010. "Insight into the Strong Antioxidant Activity of Deinoxanthin, a Unique Carotenoid in Deinococcus Radiodurans." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 11: 4506-4510.



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