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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10(2), 559-571; doi:10.3390/ijms10020559
Article

Evaluation of Various Metallic Coatings on Steel to Mitigate Biofilm Formation

1,* , 2
 and 3
Received: 31 December 2008; in revised form: 25 January 2009 / Accepted: 2 February 2009 / Published: 12 February 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Antifouling)
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Abstract: In marine environments and water systems, it is easy for many structures to form biofilms on their surfaces and to be deteriorated due to the corrosion caused by biofilm formation by bacteria. The authors have investigated the antibacterial effects of metallic elements in practical steels so far to solve food-related problems, using Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. However, from the viewpoint of material deterioration caused by bacteria and their antifouling measures, we should consider the biofilm behavior as aggregate rather than individual bacterium. Therefore, we picked up Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Pseudoalteromonas carageenovara in this study, since they easily form biofilms in estuarine and marine environments. We investigated what kind of metallic elements could inhibit the biofilm formation at first and then discussed how the thin films of those inhibitory elements on steels could affect biofilm formation. The information would lead to the establishment of effective antifouling measures against corrosion in estuarine and marine environments.
Keywords: Biofilm; alloy plating; HSSL process; tin-silver alloy; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Pseudoalteromonas carageenovara; biofouling Biofilm; alloy plating; HSSL process; tin-silver alloy; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Pseudoalteromonas carageenovara; biofouling
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kanematsu, H.; Ikigai, H.; Yoshitake, M. Evaluation of Various Metallic Coatings on Steel to Mitigate Biofilm Formation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10, 559-571.

AMA Style

Kanematsu H, Ikigai H, Yoshitake M. Evaluation of Various Metallic Coatings on Steel to Mitigate Biofilm Formation. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2009; 10(2):559-571.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kanematsu, Hideyuki; Ikigai, Hajime; Yoshitake, Michiko. 2009. "Evaluation of Various Metallic Coatings on Steel to Mitigate Biofilm Formation." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 10, no. 2: 559-571.


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