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Sharp Phylogeographic Breaks and Patterns of Genealogical Concordance in the Brine Shrimp Artemia franciscana
Department of Genetics, Development & Molecular Biology, School of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 541 24, Greece
Institute of Agrobiotechnology, Centre for Research and Technology, Thermi, 570 01, Thessaloniki, Greece
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 December 2009; in revised form: 16 December 2009 / Accepted: 17 December 2009 / Published: 18 December 2009
Abstract: Genealogical concordance is a critical overlay of all phylogenetic analyses, irrespective of taxonomic level. To assess such patterns of congruence we have compiled and derived sequence data for two mitochondrial (16S rRNA, COI) and two nuclear (ITS1, p26) markers in 14 American populations of the hypersaline branchiopod Artemia franciscana. Cladistic analysis revealed three reciprocally monophyletic mitochondrial clades. For nuclear DNA, incomplete lineage sorting was evident presumably as a result of slower coalescence or male-mediated dispersal. Our findings capture the genealogical interval between gene splitting and population divergence. In this sense, strong indications are provided in favour of a superspecies status and ongoing speciation in A. franciscana.
Keywords: mitochondrial DNA; zooplankton; endemism; dispersal; superspecies; coalescence; Andes; incipient speciation
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Maniatsi, S.; Kappas, I.; Baxevanis, A.D.; Farmaki, T.; Abatzopoulos, T.J. Sharp Phylogeographic Breaks and Patterns of Genealogical Concordance in the Brine Shrimp Artemia franciscana. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10, 5455-5470.
Maniatsi S, Kappas I, Baxevanis AD, Farmaki T, Abatzopoulos TJ. Sharp Phylogeographic Breaks and Patterns of Genealogical Concordance in the Brine Shrimp Artemia franciscana. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2009; 10(12):5455-5470.
Maniatsi, Stefania; Kappas, Ilias; Baxevanis, Athanasios D.; Farmaki, Theodora; Abatzopoulos, Theodore J. 2009. "Sharp Phylogeographic Breaks and Patterns of Genealogical Concordance in the Brine Shrimp Artemia franciscana." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 10, no. 12: 5455-5470.