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Molecules 2003, 8(1), 207-222; doi:10.3390/80100207

Spectroscopic and Theoretical Studies of Quantum and Electronic Confinement Effects in Nanostructured Materials

1
Department of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, P. R. China
2
Present address: College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, P. R. China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 January 2003 / Published: 31 January 2003
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Abstract

Nanostructured materials have become the central subject of materials research during the last decade in the past 20th century owing to the novel electronic, optical, and catalytic properties observed in such materials. The unusual properties of these nanostructured materials can be attributed to two main microscopic effects: quantum confinement and electronic confinement. These two effects have dominated the variations of molecular properties in a wide variety of nanostructured materials, ranging from inorganic compounds to organic molecules. The recent advances have focused on host-guest complex systems that have resulted in a deeper understanding of the changes in electronic structures when being confined. In this article we cover some of the key advances in the study of quantum and electronic confinement effects, especially in host-guest systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: Nanostructured materials; Host- guest systems; Electronic structure; Quantum confinement; Electronic confinement Nanostructured materials; Host- guest systems; Electronic structure; Quantum confinement; Electronic confinement
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Zhang, L.Z.; Sun, W.; Cheng, P. Spectroscopic and Theoretical Studies of Quantum and Electronic Confinement Effects in Nanostructured Materials. Molecules 2003, 8, 207-222.

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