Molecules 2000, 5(6), 851-855; doi:10.3390/50600851
Article

Moisture Stable Ambient Temperature Ionic Liquids: Solvents for the New Millennium. 1. The Heck Reaction

* email and
Received: 24 January 1999; in revised form: 8 March 2000 / Accepted: 29 May 2000 / Published: 9 June 2000
Download PDF [20 KB, uploaded 18 June 2014]
Abstract: In this paper we report examples of the Heck reaction in the new moisture stable ambient temperature ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([bmim]PF6). We have found that the yield of product is comparable with Heck reactions carried out in DMF, the conventional solvent for this reaction, and that the ionic liquid/catalyst mixture can be recycled several times.
Keywords: Ionic liquids; Heck rection; [bmim]PF6; [bmim]BF4
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Howarth, J.; Dallas, A. Moisture Stable Ambient Temperature Ionic Liquids: Solvents for the New Millennium. 1. The Heck Reaction. Molecules 2000, 5, 851-855.

AMA Style

Howarth J, Dallas A. Moisture Stable Ambient Temperature Ionic Liquids: Solvents for the New Millennium. 1. The Heck Reaction. Molecules. 2000; 5(6):851-855.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Howarth, Joshua; Dallas, Andrea. 2000. "Moisture Stable Ambient Temperature Ionic Liquids: Solvents for the New Millennium. 1. The Heck Reaction." Molecules 5, no. 6: 851-855.


Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert